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Military in Uruguay


The Armed Forces of Uruguay are constitutionally subordinate to the president through the Minister of Defence. By offering early retirement incentives, the government has trimmed the armed forces to about 14,500 for the army, 6,000 for the navy, and 3,000 for the air force.

The Armed Forces of Uruguay are organised into:

• The Uruguayan Army (Ejército Nacional);
• The Uruguayan Navy (Armada Nacional), including Naval Aviation, Coast Guard (Prefectura Nacional Naval) and Marines;
• The Uruguayan Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Uruguaya).

Since May 2009, homosexuals are allowed to serve openly in the military after the defence minister signed a decree stating that military recruitment policy would no longer discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation. In the fiscal year 2010, the United States provided Uruguay with $1.7 million in military assistance, including $1 million in Foreign Military Financing and $480,000 in International Military Education and Training.

Uruguay ranks first in the world on a per capita basis for its contributions to the United Nations peacekeeping forces, with 2,513 soldiers and officers in 10 UN peacekeeping missions. As of February 2010, Uruguay had 1,136 military personnel deployed to Haiti in support of MINUSTAH and 1,360 deployed in support of MONUC in the Congo.


Military branches : Uruguayan Armed Forces: Uruguayan National Army (Ejercito Nacional Uruguaya, ENU), Uruguayan National Navy (Armada Nacional del Uruguay; includes naval air arm, Naval Rifle Corps (Cuerpo de Fusileros Navales, Fusna), Maritime Prefecture in wartime), Uruguayan Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Uruguaya, FAU) (2012)
Military service age and obligation : 18-30 years of age (18-22 years of age for navy) for male or female voluntary military service; up to 40 years of age for specialists; enlistment is voluntary in peacetime, but the government has the authority to conscript in emergencies; minimum 6-year education (2013)
Manpower available for military service : males age 16-49: 771,159

females age 16-49: 780,932 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service : males age 16-49: 649,025

females age 16-49: 654,903 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually : male: 27,564

female: 26,811 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures : 1.95% of GDP (2012)






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